4 Different Types of Cannabinoids and Their Functions

4 Different Types of Cannabinoids and Their Functions

Scientists have found more than 500 known chemicals in cannabis, making it a remarkably diverse and unique plant. But what do all these chemicals do?

Scientists still don’t know what every chemical and cannabinoid does, and studies are still underway on many of them. However, we do learn about some and their functions.

Two well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, but aside from those two, there are more than 100 that scientists have identified.

So, if you’re interested in learning more about the different types of cannabinoids and their functions, keep reading as we look at four in particular.

1. Cannabigerol (CBG)

We begin with cannabigerol, or CBG, because it’s considered the “mother of all cannabinoids.” CBG is the non-acidic cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) from which all other cannabinoids are created.

Compared to other cannabinoids such as CBD or THC, CBG levels in the plant are low, with most strains containing only 1% of this compound. CBD and THC levels typically have 20 to 25% and 20 to 30%, respectively.

CBG Functions

Studies have found that CBG is effective in the following but is not limited to:

  • Pain Reliever
  • Anti-Inflammatory
  • Muscle Relaxant
  • Antidepressant
  • Antifungal

And while research is still underway, CBG may help fight certain cancers. CBG is available as a wholesale CBG extract online.

2. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Almost everyone knows about THC, whether you smoke bud or not. It’s one of the most widely known cannabinoids, and it’s responsible for getting the user “high.” It’s a psychoactive compound found in all marijuana plants.

Conversely, the THC levels are low in the hemp plant, from which CBD is extracted. Typically no more than 0.3%.

THC Functions:

THC is commonly known for its substantial medicinal effects and is known to aid a:

  • Mood Regulator
  • Appetite Stimulant
  • Sedative
  • Neuroprotective
  • Anti-Oxidant

3. Cannabidiol (CBD)

Another well-known cannabinoid type, CBD, is all the rage right now. Known for their healing properties, CBD products are being sold worldwide. However, this cannabinoid is considered non-psychoactive by many, so in no way will it get you high.

However, it’s not entirely non-psychoactive because it is mood-altering, aiding depression and anxiety without THC’s disorientation and memory loss.

CBD Functions

Found in gummies, oils, tinctures, and snacks, CBD provides relief for many conditions, such as:

  • Anti-Anxiety
  • Pain Desensitizer
  • Antidepressant
  • Antipsychotic
  • Neuroprotective

4. Cannabinol (CBN)

Cannabinol is one of the more different cannabinoids in that THC converts to cannabinol (CBN) as it ages. Furthermore, around 20-25% a year can convert into CBN. CBN can also be made by heating THC to specific temperatures. While pure CBN doesn’t have any sedation effects, it’s found to be very sedating when paired with THC.

This makes CBN ideal for people with insomnia if they’re willing to pair it with THC before bed.

CBN Functions:

Currently, scientists have yet to do much research on CBN; however, we know some benefits that promise. While not limited to this list, CBN may be able to aid as a:

  • Anticonvulsant
  • Sedative
  • Antibiotic
  • Anti-MRSA
  • Anti-Inflammatory

Only the Tip of the Different Types of Cannabinoids Iceberg

These are just four of the many different types of cannabinoids out there. Each has its own benefits, although studies are still going on most of them. Hopefully, this brief guide gives you a better idea of what cannabinoid is for you. This is especially helpful if you plan on making your own cannabis products.

That’s the end of this article, but we encourage you to check out more from our Health and Lifestyle categories for more just like it.

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